BORD Architectural Studio 设计，位于匈牙利。这座现代化的新球场拥有20,000个座位，目前正在施工中，建成后将成为德布勒森市(匈牙利的第二大城市)地标建筑。
Debrecen, the second biggest city of Hungary, is characterized by its expanded, loose urban tissue, wide, sunny streets, spacious squares and green areas. Nagyerdo is a wild forest in the heart of the city, where almost 3,000 protected oak trees are waiting for rescuing in the neglected environment. As part of a complex development, the city decided to provide a large-scale reconstruction of Nagyerdo. The aim was to preserve the protectable genres in Nagyerdo and at the same time to draw the area in the city¡¯s circulation as a city park providing a new, liveable, green environment. To encourage more healthy life the city decided to create new sport and recreational facilities in the forest and to refurbish the existing old football stadium in the heart of Nagyerdo, planned in the 1930s.
A Hungarian architect, Peter Bordas got the commission to design this new stadium with a 20,000-seat capacity, which will meet the requirement of our modern life. Our big questions were: how to lead the crowd of spectators securely in a forest and how to set an industrial like building complex into the woods. Therefore his stadium concept concentrates not only on the building itself, but on its wide context as well.
The access route for the spectators has to be clearly divided from the area of people having a rest on the park level. To achieve this, a promenade lifted to the level of the tree canopies encloses the mass of the stadium like a ribbon. This architectural element defi nes the border of the most frequently used part of the park thus creating a transition zone between the untouched nature and the artifi cial, manmade world. The up and down arched promenade serves as a running and cycling track as well as a stand at certain spaces, linking to the facilities of the park throughout the year even when there are no football matches or other events in the stadium.
Relating to the new sport and recreational activities in the park extensive gastronomic facilities, bars, restaurants, exhibition areas, fi tness and wellness opportunities serve the demands of the people in fi rst level of the stadium during the whole year. In this way the stadium is able to connect to the circulation of the park and to the bustling life of the city and hereby becomes a fourth generation, 21st century football stadium. The Stadium in Nagyerdo will be a multifunctional centre, which provides an ideal space for sport, leisure and cultural experience at the same time, all beneath a single roof. The dynamic volume of the building will hover at the level of the tree canopies like a white lantern. The promenade, which embraces the stadium and is lifted in the air, will lead the spectators to the broad access ring of the stadium. From this entrance ring one can access the stadium bowl between the rhythmically placed masses of the kiosks and service areas. Due to the ideal proportion of solid surfaces and transparent openings of this level the calm view of the green forest becomes perceptible everywhere from the stadium cauldron. The new stadium seeks to attract the atmosphere of the surrounding nature as much as possible preserving a memory of the old stadium. Lounge areas for VIP guests are set above the access level, beneath the western stand, while sky boxes are located on the top of the building. Due to the special, asymmetric design of the stadium the sky boxes provide not only a panoramic view to the playing fi eld, but also to the forest above the roof of the opposite stand.
The aim of this project is to experience being together, not being alienated, to feel with each other and to become a responsible community. Tero Auvinen, UEFA consultant named the new Stadium after Robin Hood refering to the amazing location of the arena in the middle of the forest. The building is expected to be completed by April in 2014.
|设计事务所||BORD Architectural Studio|
|助理设计师||Robert Benke, Robert Gulyas, Gabriella Gaspar, Annamaria Holovits, Tamas Mezey, Timea Szabo, Julia Szendroi, Tamas Tolvaj, Annamaria Toth, Kata Zih|
|效果图||BORD Studio, ZOA Architectural and Arts Services Inc.(night view)|